Autism spectrum disorders are neurological disorders that are usually detected during the first three years of life. Autism affects the brain’s normal development in the areas of social interaction and communication.
DSM-V is a tool for clinicians and researchers and is used to diagnose and classify mental disorders. It was developed by the American Psychiatric Association and is used by professionals in the USA and throughout the world.
Autism is a continuum. In other words, the symptoms and characteristics of autism can present themselves in a wide variety of combinations, from average to severe. Two people with the same diagnosis can act very differently from one another and have varying skills. This is why there is no standard « type » of autism, nor does anyone have « characteristic » autism.